It is amazing that today gardeners can grow plants in an indoor environment. Natural light had been known for long for being the best condition to grow plants. It is free and needs no much management. Just having it is enough. However, the advancements which have enabled gardening to be done indoors show a higher capacity of the plants to produce beyond the production if otherwise left outdoors.
Just like human beings would need water, the plants also need light among other requirements to thrive. However, the poor weather outside may not allow the plants to grow better even if the natural light is available. Actually, during winter, you will realize that plants will be dull and lifeless than summer even though in each case there is natural light when the plants are grown outdoors. For this reason, it is advisable that you should not grow your plants, vegetables, flowers and herbs seasonally. You can commit to practice your farming in all seasons by embracing indoor gardening. Simply note that we there is no significant difference between the natural lights and the artificial light and so indoor gardening is not as complicated as you may think. Nearly every day bulbs can act as a source of artificial light since they also emit electromagnetic spectrum which is most required by plants.
What you need to know about indoor gardening
1. Plants use different wavelengths
For normal growth, a plant needs light in full spectrum of colors. However, based on what the plant should be producing, the wavelength required may have to vary. For instance, for the plants which produce flowers and fruits, red wavelength must be available. Otherwise, the plant will not blossom, and so no fruits or flowers will be harvested. The blue wavelength is required for the plants whose leaves are harvested like the vegetables. The blue wavelength is important to all plants since it is through the leaves that the plants make food for the final productivity. Lastly, the green wavelengths are just part of the full spectrum of light, but the plants do not need them at all. They are the reason most plants are green since they reflect the wavelength away as they do not need them.
2. Artificial light is as effective as the natural light
Most gardeners think that artificial light may fail their farming. It is not true at all. In fact, the artificial lights are just as effective as the natural light and in some scenarios better than the natural light. The only thing that a gardener should do is to ensure that he or she covers the all the spectrum as well as the wavelength needed. Therefore, you should not allow your plants to be less productive in winter season because of the dark. Simply boost the light artificially. It is however advised that you shift to indoor gardening permanently so that you do not keep shifting the light sources depending on the season.
Choice of artificial light to engage in indoor gardening
To choose the type of light that you need to engage, you first have to think about the plant you can best grow. Some of the choices include:
a) Incandescent light
This category of light is the best for encouraging plants to fruit. They provide a very high level of red wavelengths. To make effective use of such light, ensure that you place the source, say bulb, at a distant place since they emit lots of heat which can end up burning the plants.
b) Fluorescent light
These lights are very economical and easy to use. They are also very effective in having a higher composition of blue wavelength. Using them is not complicated since they do not emit much heat. Therefore, you can place their source just next to the plants. To cover the full spectrum of the light, you should consider using a cool white bulb which can cover the whole spectrum.
c) Halogen light
Halogen lights can also provide a full spectrum of light. For them, management needs a lot of keenness since they are very hot. In fact, they are hotter than the incandescent light. Therefore, you need to place them far much from the plants. You can imagine what loss you can go through if your plants wither because of the lights you consciously installed. Just take care to avoid this.
d) Horticultural growing lights
These lights also provide a whole spectrum of wavelength. They are most effective for growing fruiting and blooming plants and flowers. They are most recommended because they are eco-friendly.
Bulb and LED lights
Light bulbs can be used in growing plants. Well, this may sound funny. The only thing that the plants require in the light is the different wavelengths. Even the light bulbs can be used in as long as the light chosen for them is effective as per the requirement of the plants. The bulbs can, therefore, provide an additional advantage to the plants since it is never a guarantee in nature that each day will provide enough light to the plants. With the artificial light, you can guarantee that the plants will receive the required light even if it is from the bulbs.
Regular Led lights can also be used for grow lights. The advantage for the Led light is that they produce less heat and so your plants are not in danger of drying up. Now you understand that indoor gardening is not complicated because already you have some sources of Led light in your house.
Having understood that there is no much difference between the natural light and the artificial light, you can decide on which one you want to engage. However, if you are the type of a farmer who does not want seasonal changes to affect his or her farming activity, it is recommended that you invest in indoor gardening. You will be guaranteed the ability to control light and any other factor for growth so that your productivity can be to the maximum. We strongly recommend the use of LED or halogen lighting since you will use less electricity bill and your plants will not dry up.